List of Secondary School Subjects In Tanzania

Filed in NECTA TIPS by on July 11, 2023 0 Comments

In Tanzania, secondary education plays a crucial role in preparing students for higher education and future careers. The curriculum is designed to provide a well-rounded education that equips students with the necessary knowledge and skills for success. One key aspect of secondary education in Tanzania is the range of subjects offered to students. From core subjects to electives, the list of secondary school subjects in Tanzania covers a wide range of disciplines from arts to science to business and even religion.

List Of Secondary School Subjects In Tanzania

Secondary education in Tanzania offers a variety of subjects that provide students with a comprehensive and quality education. List of secondary school subjects in Tanzania include the core and compulsory subjects. The core subjects are the one that a every student at secondary level in Tanzania must take. These subjects are

  1. Civics
  2. History
  3. Geography
  4. Kiswahili
  5. English Language
  6. Biology
  7. Basic Mathematics

List of Secondary School Subjects In Tanzania


Civic education at the secondary education level in Tanzania focuses on the rights, responsibilities, and systems of government for citizens. Promotes active participation in democratic processes, awareness of human rights, and responsible citizenship. The study of civics develops critical thinking, civic engagement, and an understanding of social and political structures. All O-level students are required to take this subject for all the four year and do its national exam at the end of form four.


The study of history plays a crucial role in shaping our understanding of the present and guiding our future. Tanzanian students are exposed to a comprehensive view of their country’s past, covering pre-colonial, colonial, and post-independence eras. By engaging with history, students develop critical thinking skills, cultural awareness, and an appreciation for different perspectives. History serves as a powerful tool to educate and empower individuals within Tanzania.


Geography explores the physical and human aspects of the Earth’s surface. It covers topics such as terrain, climate, population, and natural resources. The study of geography provides students with knowledge of environmental issues, sustainable development, and spatial analysis. It is relevant for careers in urban planning, environmental management, and tourism.


Kiswahili is Tanzania’s national language and an integral part of the curriculum. It promotes cultural identity, effective communication, and understanding of the country’s heritage. Proficiency in Kiswahili is crucial for social integration and allows students to engage in meaningful discussions about Tanzanian culture, history, and literature.

English Language

English Language holds significant importance as a core subject in Tanzanian secondary schools. Its role as the medium of instruction for numerous subjects excepts Kiswahili and its contribution to effective communication, both locally and globally, cannot be overstated. Acquiring proficiency in English not only enables students to pursue higher education but also opens up various employment prospects and grants access to a wealth of resources.


The field of biology is dedicated to the examination of living organisms and their ecosystems. It encompasses a broad range of subjects, including anatomy, physiology, genetics, and ecology. Possessing a solid foundation in biology is crucial for those pursuing careers in medicine, agriculture, biotechnology, and environmental conservation. Furthermore, it fosters comprehension of human well-being and the interconnectedness of all living beings.


At the secondary level education in Tanzania, Mathematics is a core subject that develops students’ logical thinking, problem-solving skills, and numerical abilities. It provides a foundation for various fields such as science, technology, engineering, and economics. Mathematics is essential not only in class but also in everyday life, from managing personal finances to making informed decisions.

Optional subjects in Secondary School In Tanzania

In addition to the compulsory subjects, secondary school students in Tanzania have the opportunity to choose two additional subjects from a variety of options. These electives allow students to explore their interests, develop new skills, and specialize in specific areas.

The list of Optional subjects in secondary schools in Tanzania is vast and offers something for everyone.

List Of Optional subjects in Secondary School In Tanzania

Physics Plant and Equipment Maintenance
Chemistry Workshop Technology
Commerce Motor Vehicle Mechanics
Book Keeping Welding and Metal Fabrication
Food and Nutrition Fitting and Turning
Textile and Dress Making Auto Electric
Building Construction Mechanical Draughting and Foundry and Blacksmith
Architectural Draughting Bible Knowledge
Surveying Elimu ya Dini ya Kiislamu
Carpentry and Joinery Fine Art
Brickwork and Masonry Music
Painting and Sign Writing Physical Education
Plumbing French Language
Electrical Installation Literature in English
Electrical Engineering Science Arabic Language
Radio and Television Servicing Agricultural Science
Electrical Draughting Information and Computer Studies
Refrigeration and air conditioning Additional Mathematics

For students interested in the sciences, options like Physics and Chemistry provide a deeper understanding of the natural world and lay the foundation for careers in fields such as engineering, medicine, and research.

Subjects like Commerce and Book Keeping are valuable for students interested in the business and commerce industry. By studying these subjects, students gain essential knowledge and skills in areas such as accounting, entrepreneurship, marketing, and finance. This foundational knowledge sets them on a path towards successful careers in business management and finance-related fields.

Subjects such as Food and Nutrition provide insights into healthy eating habits, food preparation, and nutrition science. Textile and Dress Making allow students to explore their creativity and develop skills in designing and creating garments.

Building Construction, Carpentry and Joinery, Plumbing, and Electrical Installation provide practical skills in a variety of trades for students interested in technical vocations. These courses educate students for professions in construction, engineering, and other fields.

The list of Optional subjects in Secondary School In Tanzania also includes subjects related to fine arts, languages, physical education, and information technology. Students can choose subjects like Fine Art, Music, Physical Education, French Language, Literature in English, Arabic Language, and Information and Computer Studies to further develop their artistic, linguistic, physical, and technological skills.

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🌍✍️ Hey there! I'm Desamparata, your go-to education guru at 🎓💡 With a Bachelor of Science with Education from DUCE, I'm here to rock your world with top-notch education articles base in Tanzania📚🌟. Let's decode the secrets of Tanzania's education system together! 🗝️

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